VHF UHF Transverters

Updated 30-Sep-2019  19:31

 

[back to W1TR Home]

VHF / UHF Transverter stack

DEMI / Q5 Signal transverters for 144, 222, 432, 902, and 1296 (Q5 Signal).

Each is 28 MHz in and 50-60 watts output, and interfaced to my Apache Labs Anan 100D which is located in the upstairs shack.

 

Ultimately the transverter stack will be located in the garage near the VHF tower base, to minimize feedline losses.

The open collector outputs of the 100D are used to control the switching of the transverters.

At the bottom of the rack are two homebrew electrical subsystems.

The left one switches the TXIF and RXIF signal paths, and the right one switches the PTT control.

 

The subsystem that connects the 100D open collector outputs to the switching system is not yet complete.

A manually operated rotary switch is in temporary use.

 

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Transverter System Block Diagram

 

 

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

VHF / UHF Transverter Stack

I thought about building a rack out of aluminum stock to hold the transverters.

The advantage would have been a more compact rack unit, but the labor would have been extreme as would the cost.

So, a standard set of wire racks from Home Depot or BJs was used.

 

 

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

System Block Diagram of PTT, TXIF, RXIF Switching

Cable 1 connects to the rotary switch (temporary) or the 100D Open Collector Interface (ultimate).

Cables RXIFC6 and TXIFC6 connect the RF path switches to the PTT switch unit where all the relays are interconnected.

 

 

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Detail of PTT Switching

These relays were acquired at a local hamfest and provide plenty of isolation for PTT switching.

Since they are only switched when a band change occurs, latency is not an issue.

 

PTTSW-03 PTTSW-07

 

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Detail of TXIF and RXIF Switching

These relays were acquired at a local hamfest and only provide about 40 dB isolation.

Since they are only switched when a band change occurs, latency is not an issue.

This is OK for the TXIF, but for RXIF some feedthrough from the other transverters occurs.

This is troublesome for local stations that totally pin the S-Meter since S9+60 attenuated by 40 is still S9+20!

I will be looking for a better RXIF switch with more attenuation, but this works in the meantime.

TXRXIF-03

 

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Manual Switching Unit

A rotary switch is temporarily being used to switch between OFF and one of the transverter units.

PTT is also switched between the HF amplifier and the transverter stack.

Ultimately this will be controlled by the Apache Labs Anan 100D open collector outputs.

 

Rotary-SW-01